List of Greek mythological creatures
· Aeternae, creatures which killed with bony, saw-toothed protuberances sprouting from their heads.
· Asterius or Aster, a giant.
· Athos, a giant.
· Alcyoneus, a giant.
· Amphisbaena, a serpent with a head at each end
· Arachne, half-spider half-female, the mother of all spiders. She was transformed into this state by Athena after challenging her to a weaving contest.
· Arae, female daemons of curses, particularly of the curses placed by the dead upon those guilty of their death, called forth from the underworld.
· Argus or Argus Panoptes, a hundred-eyed giant.
· Azeus, a giant.
· Briares, a hundred-handed
· Catoblepas, buffalo-like creature with shaggy fur, large horns and a heavy head whose toxic breath or ugly looks could kill.
o Typical Centaurs
§ Asbolus, a centaur. He was a seer, or an auger: a diviner who read omens in the flight of birds.
§ Centaurus, father of the centaurs.
§ Eurynomos, one of the Centaurs who fought against the Lapiths at the wedding of Hippodamia.
§ Eurytion, two different Centaurs bearing the same name.
§ Nessus, famous centaur, killed by Heracles
§ Phólos, a centaur.
§ Pholus, a wise centaur and friend of Heracles.
§ Rhoetus, a centaur who fought and killed at the Centauromachy.
§ Thaumas, a centaur.
o Cyprian Centaurs, bull-horned centaurs native to the island of Cyprus.
o Lamian Centaurs or Lamian Pheres, twelve rustic spirits of the Lamos river. They were set by Zeus to guard the infant Dionysos, protecting him from the machinations of Hera but the enraged goddess transformed them into ox-horned Centaurs. They accompanied Dionysos in his campaign against the Indians.
o Winged Centaurs
· Cerastes, spineless serpents with a set of ram-like horns on their heads.
· Cetus or Ceto, sea monsters.
· Charon, the ferryman of Hades.
· Charybdis, a sea monster whose inhalations formed a deadly whirlpool or a huge water mouth.
· Chimera, a fire-breathing three-headed monster with one head of a lion, one of a snake, and another of a goat, lion claws in front and goat legs behind, and a long snake tail.
· Chthonius, a giant.
· Crocotta or Cynolycus, creature with the body of a stag, a lion's neck, cloven hooves, and a wide mouth with a sharp, bony ridge in place of teeth. It imitates the human voice, calls men by name at night, and devours those who approach it. It is as brave as a lion, as swift as a horse, and as strong as a bull. It cannot be overcome by any weapon of steel.
· Cyclops (plural Cyclopes), a race of one-eyed giants.
o Polyphemus, son of Poseidon, who was outwitted and blinded by Odysseus.
o Assistants of the god Hephaestus at his workshops.
· Daemones Ceramici, five malevolent spirits who plagued the craftsman potter
· Damysus, the fastest of the giants
· Diomedes of Thrace, was a giant, the son of Ares and Cyrene
· Dryad, tree spirits that look similar to women.
· Echion, a giant.
· Eidolon, spirit-image of a living or dead person; a shade or phantom look-alike of the human form.
· Empusa, a beautiful demigodess, with flaming hair and with one brass leg and the other one a donkey leg, who preyed on human blood and flesh.
· Eurynomos, the netherworld daemon of rotting corpses dwelling in the Underworld.
· Eurytus, a giant.
· Erinyes (Furies), the goddesses of vengeance, who were the offspring of Gaia born from the blood shed when Cronus castrated his father Uranus. Their number is usually left indeterminate, though Virgil mentions that they were three:
· Gegenees, six-armed giants which were slain by the Argonauts.
· Geryon, a giant: according to Hesiod, Geryon had one body and three heads, whereas the tradition followed by Aeschylus gave him three bodies. A lost description by Stesichorus said that he has six hands and six feet and is winged; there are some mid-sixth-century Chalcidian vases portraying Geryon as winged. Some accounts state that he had six legs as well, while others state that the three bodies were joined to one pair of legs.
· Gigantes, were a race of great strength and aggression. Archaic and Classical representations show Gigantes as human in form. Later representations show Gigantes with snakes for legs.
· Gorgons, female monsters depicted as having snakes on their head instead of hair, and sometimes described as having tusks, wings and brazen claws.
o Medusa, whose gaze could turn anyone to stone.
o Stheno, most murderous of the sisters.
o Euryale, whose scream could kill.
· Graeae, three old women with one tooth and one eye among them.
· Griffin or Gryphon or Gryps or Grypes, a creature that combines the body of a lion and the head and wings of an eagle.
· Hecatonchires, three giants of incredible strength and ferocity, each with a hundred arms; also called Centimanes.
o Briareos or Aegaeon
· Harpies, creature with torso, head and arms of a woman, and talons, tail and wings (mixed with the arms) of a bird.
· Hippalectryon, a creature with the fore-parts of a rooster and the body of a horse.
· Hippocampus, a creature with the upper body of a horse and the lower body of a fish.
· Hippogriff, a creature with the front part of an eagle and hind legs and tail of a horse, symbols of Apollo.
o Lernaean Hydra, also known as King Hydra, a many-headed, serpent-like creature that guarded an Underworld entrance beneath Lake Lerna. It was destroyed by Heracles, in his second Labour. Son of Typhon and Echidna.
· Ichthyocentaurs, a pair of marine centaurs with the upper bodies of men, the lower fronts of horses, and the tails of fish.
· Ipotane, a race of half-horse, half-humans. The Ipotanes are considered the original version of the Centaurs.
· Keres, spirit of violent or cruel death.
· Kobaloi, a sprite from Greek mythology, a mischievous creature fond of tricking and frightening mortals.
· Laestrygonians or Laestrygones, a tribe of giant cannibals.
o Antiphates, King of the Laestrygonians.
· Lion-Headed Giants
o Leon or Lion, killed by Herakles in the war against the gods.
· Manticore or Androphagos, having the body of a red lion and a human head with three rows of sharp teeth.
· Mimas, a giant.
· Multi-headed Dogs
o Orthrus, a two-headed dog, brother of Cerberus, slain by Heracles.
· Odontotyrannos, a beast with black, horse-like head, with three horns protruding from its forehead, and exceeded the size of an elephant.
· Onocentaur, part human, part donkey. It had the head and torso of a human with the body of a donkey.
· Ophiotaurus (Bull-Serpent), a creature part bull and part serpent.
· Ouroboros, an immortal self-eating, circular being. The being is a serpent or a dragon curled into a circle or hoop, biting its own tail.
· Pallas, a giant.
· Panes, a tribe of nature-spirits which had the heads and torsos of men, the legs and tails of goats, goatish faces and goat-horns.
· Philinnion, unwed maiden who died prematurely and returned from the tomb as the living dead to consort with a handsome youth named Makhates. When her mother discovered the girl she collapsed back into death and was burned by the terrified townsfolk beyond the town boundaries.
· Phoenix, a golden-red fire bird of which only one could live at a time, but would burst into flames to rebirth from ashes as a new phoenix.
· Polybotes, a giant.
· Porphyrion, a giant, king of the giants.
o Silenus or Papposilenus, companion and tutor to the wine god Dionysus.
· Scythian Dracanae, upper body of a woman, lower body composed of two snake tails.
· Sirens, bird-like women whose irresistible song lured sailors to their deaths.
· Skolopendra, giant sea monster said to be the size of a Greek trireme. It has a crayfish-like tail, numerous legs along its body which it uses like oars to move and extremely long hairs that protrude from its nostrils. Child of Phorcys and Keto.
· Spartae, a malevolent spirit born from violence. Argo crew member Jason fought alongside these creatures after discovering the dragon teeth could create these violent spirits. Spartae are normally depicted as a skeletal being with some form of a weapon and military attire.
o Androsphinx or simply Sphinx, a creature with the head of a human and the body of a lion.
o Criosphinx, a creature with head of a ram and the body of a lion.
· Stymphalian Birds, man-eating birds with beaks of bronze and sharp metallic feathers they could launch at their victims.
· Taraxippi, ghosts that frightened horses.
· Thoon, a giant.
· Three-Bodied or Triple-Bodied Daemon, a winged monster with three human bodies ending in serpent-tails.
· Tityos, a giant.
· Typhon or Typhoeus, an extremely savage and terrifying monster with snake-coils instead of limbs; father of several other monsters with his mate Echidna.
o Corinthian Lamia, a vampiric demon who seduced the handsome youth Menippos in the guise of a beautiful woman to consume his flesh and blood.
o Empousa, seductive female vampire demons with fiery hair, a leg of bronze and a donkey's foot. They are especially good at ensnaring men with their beauty before devouring them.
o Lamia, a vampiric demon who by voluptuous artifices attracted young men, in order to enjoy their fresh, youthful, and pure flesh and blood.
o Mormo or Mormolyceae or Mormolyce, a vampiric creature which preyed on children.
· Werewolf or Lycanthrope.
o Agriopas, he tasted the viscera of a human child, and was turned into a wolf for ten years.
· Winged Horses or Pterippi, winged pure white horses.
o Pegasus, a divine winged stallion that is pure white, son of Medusa and Poseidon, brother of Chrysaor and father of winged horses.
Animals from Greek mythology
o Myrmekes, large ants that can range in size from small dogs to giant bears which guarded a hill that had rich deposits of gold.
o Myrmidons, ants which transformed into humans.
o Alectryon (Rooster). Alectryon was a youth, charged by Ares to stand guard outside his door while the god indulged in illicit love with Aphrodite. He fell asleep, and Helios, the sun god, walked in on the couple. Ares turned Alectryon into a rooster, which never forgets to announce the arrival of the sun in the morning.
o Birds of Ares or Ornithes Areioi, were a flock of feather-dart-dropping birds that guarded the Amazons' shrine of the god on a coastal island in the Black Sea. The birds were encountered by the Argonauts in their quest for the Golden Fleece.
§ Doves were said to have pulled the Chariot of Aphrodite
§ Aetos Dios, giant golden eagle of Zeus.
§ Aethon or Caucasian Eagle, a giant eagle, offspring of Typhon and Echidna. Zeus condemned Prometheus to having his liver eaten by the Caucasian Eagle for giving the Flames of Olympus to the mortals.
§ Corvus, a crow or raven which served Apollo. Apollo was about to make a sacrifice on the altar and he needs some water to perform the ritual. The god sends the raven to fetch some water in his cup, but the bird gets distracted by a fig tree and spends a few days lazily resting and waiting for the figs to ripen. After feasting on the figs, the raven finally brings Apollo the cup filled with water and he also brings a water snake (Hydra) as an excuse for being so late. Apollo sees through the raven’s lies and angrily casts all three – the cup (Crater, Crater (constellation)), the water snake (Hydra, Hydra (constellation)) and the raven (Corvus, Corvus (constellation)) into the sky. Apollo also casts a curse on the raven, scorching its feathers and making the bird eternally thirsty and unable to do anything about it. This, according to the myth, is how crows and ravens came to have black feathers and why they have such raspy voices.
§ Swans of Apollo, the swans drawing the chariot of Apollo.
o Strix, birds of ill omen, product of metamorphosis, that fed on human flesh and blood.
o Calydonian Boar, a gigantic boar sent by Artemis to ravage Calydon.Was slain in the Calydonian Boar Hunt.
o Erymanthian Boar, a gigantic boar which Heracles was sent to retrieve as one of his labors.
o The Cattle of Helios, immortal cattle of oxen and sheep owned by the sun god Helios.
· Cercopes, monkeys.
o Actaeon's dogs
o Golden Dog, a dog which guarded the infant god Zeus.
o Laelaps, a female dog destined always to catch its prey.
o Dolphin that saved Arion.
o Dolphins of Taras. A dolphin saved Taras, who is often depicted mounted on a dolphin.
o Donkey of Hephaestus, Hephaestus was often shown riding a donkey.
o Donkey of Silenus, Silenus rode a donkey.
o Ceryneian Hind, an enormous deer which was sacred to Artemis; Heracles was sent to retrieve it as one of his labours
o Elaphoi Khrysokeroi, four immortal golden-horned deer sacred to the goddess Artemis. They drew the goddess' chariot.
o Actaeon, Artemis turned him into a deer for spying on her while bathing. He was promptly eaten by his own hunting dogs.
o Amalthea, golden-haired female goat, foster-mother of Zeus.
§ Zephyrus or Zephyr
o Horses of Achilles, immortal horses.
o Horses of Ares, immortal fire-breathing horses of the god Ares.
o Horses of Autonous,
o Horses of Eos, a pair of immortal horses owned by the dawn-goddess, Eos.
o Horses of Erechtheus, a pair of immortal horses owned by the king of Athens, Erechtheus.
o Horses of Dioskouroi, the immortal horses of the Dioskouroi.
o Horses of Hector
o Horses of Helios, immortal horses of the sun-god Helios.
o Horses of Poseidon, immortal horses of the god Poseidon.
o Trojan Horses or Trojan Hippoi, twelve immortal horses owned by the Trojan king Laomedon.
· Karkinos or Carcinus, a giant crab which fought Heracles alongside the Lernaean Hydra.
o Dionysus Leopard: Dionysus is often shown riding a leopard.
o Ampelus, Claudius Aelianus in the "Characteristics of Animals" write that there is a leopard called the Ampelus, it is not like the other leopards and has no tail. If it is seen by women it afflicts them with an unexpected ailment.
o Nemean Lion, a gigantic lion whose skin was impervious to weapons; it was strangled by Heracles.
o Rhea's Lions, the lions drawing the chariot of Rhea.
o Water-snake, god Apollo was about to make a sacrifice on the altar and he needs some water to perform the ritual. The god sends the raven to fetch some water in his cup, but the bird gets distracted by a fig tree and spends a few days lazily resting and waiting for the figs to ripen. After feasting on the figs, the raven finally brings Apollo the cup filled with water and he also brings a water snake (Hydra) as an excuse for being so late. Apollo sees through the raven’s lies and angrily casts all three – the cup (Crater, Crater (constellation)), the water snake (Hydra, Hydra (constellation)) and the raven (Corvus, Corvus (constellation)) into the sky.
· Teumessian fox, a gigantic fox destined never to be hunted down.
o Giant turtle: Sciron robbed travelers passing the Sceironian Rocks and forced them to wash his feet. When they knelt before him, he kicked them over the cliff into the sea, where they were eaten by the giant sea turtle. Theseus killed him in the same way.
The dragons of Greek mythology were serpentine monsters. They include the serpent-like Drakons, the marine-dwelling Cetea and the she-monster Dracaenae. Homer describes the dragons with wings and legs.
· The Colchian Dragon, an unsleeping dragon which guarded the Golden Fleece.
· Delphyne, female dragon.
· Giantomachian dragon, a dragon that was thrown at Athena during the Giant war. She threw it into the sky where it became the constellation Draco.
· Lernaean Hydra, also known as King Hydra, a many-headed, serpent-like creature that guarded an Underworld entrance beneath Lake Lerna. It was destroyed by Heracles, in his second Labour. Son of Typhon and Echidna.
· Maeonian Drakon, a dragon that lived in the kingdom of Lydia and was killed by Damasen.
· Medea's dragons, a pair of flying dragons that pulled Medea's chariot. Born from the blood of the Titans.
· Nemean dragon, a dragon that guarded Zeus' sacred grove in Nemea.
· Ophiogenean dragon, a dragon that guarded Artemis' sacred grove in Mysia.
· Pitanian dragon, a dragon in Pitane, Aeolis, that was turned to stone by the gods.
· Pyrausta, a four-legged insect with filmy wings and a dragon's head.
· Python, a dragon which guarded the oracle of Delphi; it was slain by Apollo.
· Rhodian dragons, serpents that inhabited the island of Rhodes; they were killed by Phorbus.
Drakons ("δράκους" in Greek, "dracones" in Latin) were giant serpents, sometimes possessing multiple heads or able to breathe fire (or even both), but most just spit deadly poison. They are usually depicted without wings.
· The Laconian Drakon was one of the most fearsome of all the drakons.
· The Ethiopian Dragon was a breed of giant serpent native to the lands of Ethiopia. They killed elephants, and rival the longest-lived animals. They mentioned in the work of Aelian, On The Characteristics Of Animals (Greek: Περί ζώων ιδιότητος)
· The Indian Dragon was a breed of giant serpent which could fight and strangle the elephants of India.
Cetea were sea monsters. They were usually featured in myths of a hero rescuing a sacrificial princess.
· The Trojan Cetus was a sea monster that plagued Troy before being slain by Heracles.
The Dracaenae were monsters that had the upper body of a beautiful woman and the lower body of any sort of dragon. Echidna, the mother of monsters, and Ceto, the mother of sea-monsters, are two famous dracaenae. Some Dracaenae were even known to have had in place of two legs, one (or two) serpent tail.
· Campe, a dracaena that was charged by Cronus with the job of guarding the gates of Tartarus; she was slain by Zeus when he rescued the Cyclopes and Hecatoncheires from their prison.
· Ceto (or Keto), a marine goddess who was the mother of all sea monsters as well as Echidna and other dragons and monsters.
· Poena, a dracaena sent by Apollo to ravage the kingdom of Argos as punishment for the death of his infant son Linos; killed by Coraebus.
· Scythian Dracaena, the Dracaena queen of Scythia; she stole Geryon's cattle that Heracles was herding through the region and agreed to return them on condition he mate with her.
· Sybaris, a draceana that lived on a mountain near Delphi, eating shepherds and passing travellers; she was pushed off the cliff by Eurybarus.
Automatons, or Colossi, were men/women, animals and monsters crafted out of metal and made animate in order to perform various tasks. They were created by the divine smith, Hephaestus. The Athenian inventor Daedalus also manufactured automatons.
· The Hippoi Kabeirikoi, four bronze horse-shaped automatons crafted by Hephaestus to draw the chariot of the Cabeiri.
· The Keledones, singing maidens sculpted out of gold by Hephaestus.
· The Kourai Khryseai, golden maidens sculpted by Hephaestus to attend him in his household.
· Acephali/Headless men (Greek ἀκέφαλος akephalos, plural ἀκέφαλοι akephaloi, from ἀ- a-, "without", and κεφαλή kephalé, "head") are humans without a head, with their mouths and eyes being in their breasts.
· Amazons, a nation of all-female warriors.
o Aegea, a queen of the Amazons.
o Aella (Ἄελλα), an Amazon who was killed by Heracles.
o Alcibie (Ἀλκιβίη), an Amazonian warrior, killed by Diomedes at Troy.
o Alke (Ἁλκή), an Amazonian warrior
o Antandre (Ἀντάνδρη), an Amazonian warrior, killed by Achilles at Troy.
o Antiope (Ἀντιόπη), a daughter of Ares and sister of Hippolyta.
o Areto (Ἀρετώ), an Amazon.
o Asteria (Ἀστερία), an Amazon who was killed by Heracles.
o Bremusa (Βρέμουσα), an Amazonian warrior, killed by Idomeneus at Troy.
o Celaeno (Κελαινώ), an Amazonian warrior, killed by Heracles.
o Hippolyta (Ἱππολύτη), a queen of Amazons and daughter of Ares.
o Hippothoe (Ἱπποθόη), an Amazonian warrior, killed by Achilles at Troy.
o Iphito (Ἰφιτώ), an Amazon who served under Hippolyta.
o Lampedo (Λαμπεδώ), an Amazon queen who ruled with her sister Marpesia.
o Marpesia (Μαρπεσία), an Amazon queen who ruled with her sister Lampedo.
o Melanippe (Μελανίππη), a daughter of Ares and sister of Hippolyta and Antiope.
o Molpadia (Μολπαδία), an Amazon who killed Antiope.
o Myrina (Μύρινα), a queen of the Amazons.
o Orithyia (Ὠρείθυια), an Amazon queen.
o Otrera (Ὀτρήρα), an Amazon queen, consort of Ares and mother of Hippolyta.
o Pantariste (Πανταρίστη), an Amazon who fought with Hippolyta against Heracles.
o Penthesilea (Πενθεσίλεια), an Amazon queen who fought in the Trojan War on the side of Troy.
o Thalestris (Θάληστρις), a queen of the Amazons.
· Anthropophage, mythical race of cannibals.
· Arimaspi, a tribe of one-eyed men.
· Astomi, race of people who had no need to eat or drink anything at all.
· Cynocephaly, dog-headed people.
· Dactyls, mythical race of small phallic male beings.
· Gargareans, were an all-male tribe.
· Hyperboreans, mythical people who lived "beyond the North Wind".
· Korybantes, were armed and crested dancers.
o Corythus, a Lapith killed by the centaur Rhoetus at the Centauromachy.
o Dryas, a Lapith who fought against the Centaurs at the Centauromachy.
o Elatus, a Lapith chieftain of Larissa.
o Euagrus or Evagrus, a Lapith killed by the centaur Rhoetus at the Centauromachy.
o Ixion, king of the Lapiths.
o Pirithous, king of the Lapiths.
· Lotus-eaters, people living on an island dominated by lotus plants. The lotus fruits and flowers were the primary food of the island and were narcotic, causing the people to sleep in peaceful apathy.
· Machlyes, hermaphrodites whose bodies were male on one side and female on the other.
· Monopodes or Skiapodes, a tribe of one-legged Libyan men who used their gigantic foot as shade against the midday sun.
· Panotii, a tribe of northern men with gigantic, body-length ears.
· Spartoi, mythical warriors who sprang up from the dragon's teeth.